May 21, 2017

May 21, 1904, the Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) was founded in Paris to oversee international competition among the national associations of Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Spain, Sweden, and Switzerland.

Headquartered in Zürich, its membership now comprises 211 national associations. Member countries must each also be members of one of the six regional confederations into which the world is divided: Africa, Asia, Europe, North and Central American and the Caribbean, Oceania, and South America.

Although FIFA does not control the rules of football, it is responsible for the organisation of a number of tournaments and their promotion, which generate billions from sponsorship.

This article was quoted and summarised from FIFA Wikipedia.
This image was accessed from Wikimedia and its creator has released it into the public domain.

05-21-17

May 20, 2017

May 20 is Weights and Measures Day

The BIPM (Bureau international des poids et mesures) was created on 20 May 1875, when 17 countries signedThe Treaty of the Metre. The treaty also set up an institute for the purpose of coordinating international metrology and for coordinating the development of the metric system.

The French government gifted the BIMP the Pavillon de Bretuil a 2.52 ha (6.2 acres) tract of land near Paris, where it enjoys extraterritorial status. Housed in the Pavillon you will find the international standard kilogram and the international standard meter which is defined as the distance traveled by light in a vacuum in a vacuum in 1/299 792 458 seconds.

The BIPM logo is a faithful photographic reproduction of public domain work of art.

05-20-17

May 19, 2017

Service. Banff National Park, established in 1885 in Alberta, was not the first National Park. That honor belongs to Yellowstone in the U.S. established in 1872.

However Canada was the first country in the world to designate a National Park Service. The Confederation of Canada was established in 1867. To honor its 150th birthday, Canada is offering free National Park Passes for the entire year.

http://www.pc.gc.ca/en/voyage-travel/admission

05-19-17

This image of Lake Moraine in Banff National Park was made available by Wikimedia.

May 18, 2017

The worldwide community of museums will celebrate International Museum Day on and around 18 May 2017.

The theme chosen for 2017 is “Museums and contested histories: Saying the unspeakable in museums”.

The objective of International Museum Day is to raise awareness of the fact that, “Museums are an important means of cultural exchange, enrichment of cultures and development of mutual understanding, cooperation and peace among peoples.” Organised on and around 18 May each year, the events and activities planned to celebrate International Museum Day can last a day, a weekend or a whole week.

Participation in International Museum Day is growing among museums all over the world. In 2016, more than 35,000 museums participated in the event in some 145 countries.

(Quoted from the International Council of Museum’s website, accessed May 18, 2017)

05-18-17

May 11, 868

In 1907 Hungarian-British archaeologist, Aurel Stein uncovered a cache of over 40,000 scrolls in the Mogao Caves in China. Included was a Chinese version of the Diamond Sutra, one of the most important books in Zen Buddhism.

The copy was in the form of a 5-meter woodblock print scroll. But what was unique and incomparably valuable was its colophon. At the inner end of the scroll was this inscription.

Reverently made for universal free distribution by Wang Jie on behalf of his two parents on the 13th of the 4th moon of the 9th year of Xiantong [11 May 868].

It seems that Wang Jie was also a promoter of public domain works.

05-11-17

This is an enhanced detail of the scroll which resides in the British Library.

May 5, 2017

The International Day of the Midwife was conceived May 5th 1987 at the International Confederation of Midwives annual conference in The Netherlands and has since been observed in over 50 nations around the world.

There is a tremendous global need for midwives. In developing countries, more than one-third of the births take place without any health worker present. In sub-Saharan Africa, the mother mortality rate is 920 deaths per 100,000 deliveries. In developed countries, it is just 20.

The United States is slowly becoming more accepting of midwives, but obstetricians still deliver 90% of the babies. In Europe, on the other hand, midwives are the norm. In England, they say, Every mother deserves a midwife, and some need an obstetrician too.

05-05-17

May 4, 2017

Contrary to popular belief, May the Fourth was not created by George Lucas or Star Wars enthusiasts. The reference was first used on May 4, 1979, the day Margaret Thatcher took office as the first female Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
 
Her political party, the Conservatives, placed a congratulatory advertisement in The London Evening News saying “May the Fourth Be with You, Maggie. Congratulations.”
05-04-17